For those who do not believe, the proof is in Anatolia
Nature Communications, the multidisciplinary scientific journal of the world has published an article written by the contributions of Professor of Istanbul Technical University Eurasian Earth Sciences Institute Professor. Dr. Celâl Sengor, Assoc. Dr. Prof. Oguz Hakan Gogus was a professor at the University of Toronto. Dr. Russell Pysklywec and Erkan Gun. The article revealed important clues about the physical behavior of the continents known to exist for 4.3 billion years until today. The results also show how the rise of the Anatolian Plateau and the volcanic activity could have developed.
The roots of the continents are dripping deep
Conducting the research, ITU Eurasia Earth Sciences Teaching Member Assoc. Dr. Oguz Hakan Gogus drew attention to the fact that the article had been seen worth publishing by members of the editorial board of the Nature Communications journal due to the expected influence of the results of the project that they had been working on for the last five years. Assoc. Dr. Gogus said that “We applied physical modeling techniques with high-performance computers and tried to understand the millions of physical yearly behavior of the rock sphere (lithosphere), the top layer of about 120 km of the earth’s surface. We have compared hundreds of models we came up, with data obtained from multidisciplinary studies. In general, the continents are like ice floes floating on the sea. Just like we assume that as the mass of icebergs below the water level thickens, the mass above the water may also be high, we assume that high mountains, too, have a mass thickening as it goes deeper. However, the results of the model we have obtained show that the bases of the continents warm up over time, and instead of breaking, they begin to flow towards the deeper (in the mantle) like a paste. When the dripping part of the continent finally breaks off, the lighter part above the surface jumps up.”
“The earth can quickly rise 1 km above sea level”
Assuming that in a few million years the earth could rise to 1 km above sea level, Assoc. Dr. Gogus stated that ascension was a relatively rapid process of time scientists on the timescale. In addition, he also added an important point to note is that the as a result of the melting in continental crust base may have cause volcanic explosions at the surface.
Anatolian plate, change over 10 million years
Assoc. Dr. Gogus mentioned that the second and important part of the research results were the ability of the study to explain how Anatolian plate that Turkey is located on, changed in 10 million years to the present day. Dr. Gogus expressed that the applied model is extremely helpful in understanding the processes. Gogus pointed out that the scientific hypothesis of “continents with the roots dripping deeper” explains how the Central Anatolian Plate;
- Elevated 1km above the sea level as a whole,
- The development of its volcanoes (recent Anatolian volcanoes, in particular, Galatia and Cappadocia)
- Development of the tomographic images of the earth core obtained with the help of earthquakes.
Assoc. Prof. Gogus stated that they were quite excited by the Anatolian geography had been shown as an example for the tested models and suggested that the bases of the continents might be thickened and susceptible to drip because of the compression resulted from the movements of continent (plates) in an area where the earthquakes are active as such.
We aim to make the model 3D
Assoc. Dr. Gogus stated that the results were quite striking and that it could lead new projects in earth science studies. Göğüş expressed that the next project will achieve higher resolution results by completely rendering the proposed model in three dimensions and that the said hypothesis will also be compared with the development of the volcanoes (~ 9000 years ago) and earthquake activities known to exist very recently in Central Anatolia.
Another interesting theory on the movements of the continents: AMASIA
Scientists at Yale University have said that continents move constantly, depending on the tectonic movements on the planet. According to another study published in Nature magazine, European and African continents will join the new super-continent by merging with Australia. It is believed that the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, America, Australia and the Antarctic were separated from a single mass of earth called Pangea about 300 million years ago. Geologists point out that displaced layers periodically push the continents towards each other, and said that there was a super-continent called Nuna 1.8 billion years ago, a super-continent called Rodinia 1 billion years ago, and a Pangea super-continent 300 million years ago.
Scientists have called the super-continent, which is expected to emerge in the next 50 to 200 million years with the unification of the Americas and Asia, as “Amasia”. Ross Mitchell of Yale University said that the North American and South American continents are getting closer and that the North Pole Sea is getting in an ebb tide and drawing the American and Asian continents closer to each other. According to the new super-continent model, only Antarctica stays apart. Mitchell announced that they estimated every super-continent emerged went through a series of back and forth rotations on a constant axis on the Equator, they had noted that each super-continent emerge with a 90-degree difference from the previous one. Mitchell added that the position of the Amasia continent was based on this prediction.