General Information

Capital Ankara
39°55′N 32°50′E
Largest city Istanbul
41°1′N 28°57′E
Official languages Turkish
Spoken languages[1]
Ethnic groups
Demonym
Government Unitary parliamentaryconstitutional republic
Tayyip Erdoğan
Binali Yıldırım
İsmail Kahraman
Legislature Grand National Assembly
Formation
19 May 1919
24 July 1923
29 October 1923
Area
• Total
783,356 km2(302,455 sq mi) (36th)
• Water (%)
1.3
Population
• 2016 estimate
79,814,871[2] (19th) (19th)
• Density
102[3]/km2 (264.2/sq mi) (107th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$2.249 trillion[4] (13th)
• Per capita
$27,634[4] (45th)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$905 billion[4] (17th)
• Per capita
$11,124[4] (60th)
Gini (2013) Positive decrease 40.0[5]
medium · 56th
HDI (2014) Increase 0.761[6]
high · 72nd
Currency Turkish lira (₺) (TRY)
Time zone FET (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the right
Calling code +90
ISO 3166 code TR
Internet TLD .tr